// Who are you called (what is your name?). The infinitive, or gerund, is a verbal noun in class 15. This is really super. They are: S: Subject Prefix. There is also a copular verb, which is a very irregular monosyllabic verb. Good Afternoon. Order of Infixes etc. There are five major tenses in Swahili: Present [wakati uliopo] Present Perfect [wakati uliopo hali timilifu] Past [wakati uliopita] Future [wakati ujao] Habitual [wakati wa mazoea] A). Simply type in the verb you wish to conjugate and hit the Conjugate! This page documents the grammatical details of the conjugation of Swahili verbs. Try it out with any of the top Swahili verbs listed below: amka. button. But maybe that doesn’t apply in Swahili? Swahili is spoken by an estimated 50 million people and, after Arabic, is the most widely understood language in Africa. in part 6 (translations) // What will Mama buy? This page was last edited on 11 August 2019, at 23:25. Let’s combine our knowledge of tense markers and subject prefixes to create all the basic conjugations of verb “-elewa” (understand) with human subjects. The habitual, subjunctive, and imperative forms are technically TAM, but are not marked in the TAM slot. This Swahili verb conjugator tool allows you to conjugate Swahili verbs. R: Relative Object Infix. T: Tense Marker Prefix. All we need to do to learn to conjugate in different tenses is memorize these different tense markers! Q: Mama atanunua nini? subject prefix – tense sign – relative – object infix – verb stem – end of verb (for derivates etc) S-T-R-O-V-E For verbal stems that begin with a vowel, this becomes, Two other ways of expressing this exist, using the suffix, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Swahili_verbs&oldid=53861285, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is just what I was looking for. There are only two irregular verbs (“to be” and “to have”), and the rules for these are dead simple (“to be” is always just “ni”, and “to have” is always “na”). The course is based on the verb "fanya" (to do). The imperative can take object concords, but then the singular has the final vowel change to -e. It takes no other concords or markers. Here are five monosyllabic verbs that you will use frequently, presented below in infinitive form: When conjugating monosyllabic verbs in the basic affirmative tenses (-na-, -li-, -me-, -ta-), the infinitive “ku” remains affixed to the verb root. There are six basic building blocks that can be used to construct a Swahili verb. The imperative is used for orders. The 1s nina- can be optionally collapsed to na-. Every Swahili verb is conjugated with these same simple rules. The "if not" marker, -sipo-, takes positive subject concords. So, the only difference between a verb conjugated in the present tense and in the past tense is the particular tense marker used: To change the tense of a verb, all we ever need to change is the tense marker! Der Infinitiv kann mit dem deutschen Infinitiv übersetzt werden, z.B. Greet them, then have a conversation including at least five of the following question words (wapi, lini, nini, gani, kwa nini, nani, ngapi?). The negative subjunctive has -si- immediately after the subject prefix, which is the same prefix used for the positive subjunctive. In Swahili, verbs take the following the prefix –na- to form the present tense: a-na-enda, ( … The general relative is independent of TAM, and therefore always lacks a TAM marker. This Swahili verb conjugator tool allows you to conjugate Swahili verbs. Okay thanks the best teacher.am very understood but there are many things i wanna know? Q: Unaitwa nani? In the present tense, the conjugation of “kuwa” for all subjects is simply “Ni.” I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, etc. Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Swahili. // Where are you coming from? Activity 2: Call a fellow PC. All the other components of the verb structure remain the same. Practice listening to and answering the questions below. M-ta-(ku)j-a–> Mtakuja (You all will come). How would you say the following? When it is tensed, the -o of reference is placed immediately after the TAM marker. For normal verbs, the final vowel -a can be replaced in various contexts (as with -i for the negative present, with -e for the subjunctive, with -eni for the imperative plural, etc). This page documents the grammatical details of the conjugation of Swahili verbs. For derivational forms, see Appendix:Swahili verbal derivation. All are just “ni.” So, to say “I am a teacher,” you would say, “mimi ni mwalimu.” “You are a teacher would be,” “wewe ni mwalimu.” Very easy. The habitual is a TAM form that is not marked in the TAM slot, used to indicate an action that is performed customarily. Monosyllabic verbs preserve the ku- at the beginning of the stem in the imperative forms. You understand well what people need to cover to learn. ( Log Out / It is usually formed with ku-, but three verbs take kw- instead: -enda, -isha, and often -anza. Broadly speaking, there are three paradigms for conjugation, which will be called normal verbs, Arabic verbs, and monosyllabic verbs on this page. Swahili is an agglutinative language of East Africa with complex verbal morphology. Try it out with any of the top Swahili verbs listed below: amka; acha; abudia; achwa; adhibika; adua; achia; afikanisha; kula; adhimisha; Type a Swahili verb: Note: Make sure to enter the infinitive form of the verb. You learned to identify and conjugate verbs in their infinitive form and in the present tense. The "if/when" marker, -ki-, can also be used analogously to a present active participle in European languages, so Watu wakiimba can be translated as "the people when they are singing" as well as "the singing people", depending on context. Asante sana. Certain relative forms are still in common use in colloquial Swahili: the locative classes of the general relative are often used on the copula, and class 16 and class 8 are often used with tensed relatives on other verbs, to denote the time at which something is done and the manner in which something is done, respectively.
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