It reaches depths of 350 m. It is a schooling fish that feeds on phytoplankton and zooplankton such as copepods. They spawn in coastal areas during late spring and summer. "Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names that refer to various small, oily forage fish in the herring family Clupeidae. S. aurita inhabits warm waters. [2], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Round_sardinella&oldid=987618752, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 06:08. [2], The fish prefer shallower waters around 24 °C. The term "sardine" was first used in English during the early 15th century and may come from the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, around which sardines were once abundant.. Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. Namibia. Plankton in spawning regions are full of eggs and larvae from the end of June into September. The most dense spawning periods are in December and January. This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. It is a small, pelagic species that lives in tropical and subtropical waters of the western and eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Mediterranean, and occasionally, the Black Sea. It has frontoparietal stripes on the top of its head, a faint golden midlateral line, and a distinctive black spot on the hind border of the gill cover. Used in. The round sardinella (Sardinella aurita) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella found in both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Goue sardinelle. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00642 - 0.00856), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. This is one of the largest Sardinella species, averaging 23 to 28 cm. The pelvic finray count of 1 unbranched and 8 branched rays distinguishes Sardinella aurita from all other species of Sardinella, also Harengula, Opisthonema, Herklotsichthys and Amblygaster, that occur with it (Ref. It is often caught along with Sardinella longiceps, and the two are not easily distinguished. Sardine, Sardinella aurita. Official Trade Name. Sardinella aurita (Sardine or Round Sardinella) UWI The Online Guide to the Animals of Trinidad and Tobago Ecology. Prior r = 0.74, 95% CL = 0.46 - 1.16, Based on 12 stock assessments. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 23.Diagnostic features as for Sardinella aurita from which it differs in having the anterior gill rakers on the lower limbs of the second and third gill arches distinctly curled downward (more or less flat in S. aurita) (Ref. [2], Fisheries for this species exist off the West African coast, in the Mediterranean Sea, and along the coasts of Venezuela and Brazil. 188). S. brasilensis are extremely hard to distinguish from Sardinella aurita and are combined in most studies and catch estimates. [3], Sardinella aurita has a particularly elongated body, a relatively rounded belly, and a large number of fine gill rakers (up to 160). 1. Sardinella aurita(Sardine or Round Sardinella) Family: Clupeidae (Sardines and Herrings) Order: Clupeiformes (Sardines, Herrings and Anchovies) Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned Fish) Fig. The terms "sardine" and "pilchard” are not precise, and what is meant depends on the region. Type. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 34. The round sardinella (Sardinella aurita) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella found in both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Sardinella brasiliensis, (Brazilian sardinella or orangespot sardine) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella. Sardinella anchovia Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1847 : Common Name(s): sardina de España [Spanish] sardina española [Spanish] round sardinella [English] Spanish sardine [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - … It has eight pelvic fin rays. The gonads start to develop in April and are fully mature one month later. [2], S. aurita went through a large boom in catch population around 1990. Fisheries: highly commercial; bait: usually, Total processing time for the page : 0.3130 seconds. The name sardine is first used long ago as early as 15 th century in English and might be comes from Mediterranean island namely Sardinia where sardine once can be found very abundant. However, its numbers have been very stable through the last several years. Common name English : Bang, Black Sprat, False Sardine, Fry-dry, Gilt Sardine, Herring, Pilchard, Round Sardinella, Round Sardinelle, Round Sardines, Sardine, Sardinella, Spanish Sardine български : Тропическа сардина Marine; brackish; pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. Afrikaans. Fishery numbers in 1983 totaled 1,983,000 tons. Common Name. Sardines are common names to refer numerous small and oily fish which belong to the Clupeidae family. Common Names List - Sardinella aurita. Language. Generation time: 2.3 (2.0 - 3.1) years. A coastal, pelagic, species preferring clear saline waters, usually with maximum temperatures below 24°C (Ref. The breeding pattern is extremely complex, with two principal spawning periods in some areas (linked with upwelling regimes off west Africa).

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