The audio examples play all 3 minor scales in turn – the natural is 1st, then the harmonic and finally the melodic. Here are all the minor scales (natural, harmonic and melodic) for you to have a go at. Pro Tip: The guitar scales chart for the minor pentatonic scale is outlined below in two octaves like all of the ones above. Notes: A • B • C • D • E • F • G. Diatonic Triads: A • Bm • C#m • D • E • F#m • G#dim. If we start on a D and play a harmonic minor scale then we raise the C natural (7th note of the scale) to become a C sharp: This is the trickiest of the minor scales as the pattern for going up the scale is different from that coming down the scale! Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart … On the way up you need to raise each of the 6th and the 7th notes by a semitone (half tone). Printable Guitar Major Scale Chart. You have just played an ascending A Natural Minor Scale. Let’s try a different example of a natural minor scale starting on a different note: By following our set pattern of note intervals for a natural minor scale (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone) we can easily work out the natural D minor scale. However, it’s still pretty easy to work out if you can remember which notes to raise. Look at a keyboard and play a scale (of all the white notes) starting on A and going up until you reach the A above it (I have highlighted these notes in red on the keyboard above). The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. on Facebook Subscribe to our mailing list and get FREE music resources to your email inbox. Share this post: Have a listen to the scale played below – can you hear the intensity of the raised 7th note? Click on the image to download the PDF file. But what is the relative minor scale? It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. It follows a set pattern of note intervals. E minor scale: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D. Here you see an overview of some of the most common scales: Major scales with relative minor Pentatonic scales major and minor You can see from the sheet music below how the 7th note of the scale (G) has been raised a semitone (half tone) to become G sharp: He is a music teacher, examiner, composer and pianist with over twenty years experience in music education. Minor Scales Cheat Sheet • Harmonic minor – raise the 7 th scale degree • Melodic minor – raise the 6 th and 7 th scale degree (ascending), revert to If you wanted to you could only learn this shape and noodle around in this position forever but if you want to play A Major further up the neck then you’re going to have to play a different shape. I hope you enjoy playing them! That’s where you use the middle shape in my chart. Have a look/listen to the A Natural Minor being played on the piano: You will also notice that the pattern of steps follows the set pattern of Natural minor scale intervals given above (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone). Let’s ha… Coincidentally, this is where you’re going to play this shape on the fretboard. (All of the below applies to the Major/minor scale, but can easily be applied to the Pentatonic and Blues without issues.). In the left shape, the big M is on the G string, 2nd fret. You can learn how to form other melodic and harmonic minor scales at our main piano music scales section. Let’s say that you want to play the A major scale using the left shape. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. Hopefully this lesson has helped you understand the 3 different minor scales. The small m represents the starting point for playing the minor scale (if a small m lands on E, you’re playing E minor). Let’s have a look at each minor scale in turn. To play this, you slide the scale around until one of the big “M” dots land on a A note. If that one note all the way to the left in this shape is on the first fret, then your big M lands on A, and you’re playing the A major scale. Let’s have a listen to how it sounds: Here is the sheet music for the D Melodic Minor Scale: The black dots are notes that fill in the rest of the scale and they don’t have any particular importance in my chart. Come back down again and you have just played the descending A Natural Minor Scale. Piano scales chart. This will mean that you can easily check whether you are playing the scales correctly. The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. on Twitter Simply work out the natural minor using the set minor scale intervals outlined above (Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone). Copyright TrueFire, Inc. All rights reserved. Read More. For instance the relative minor for C major is A minor. The dot that has “3b” inside of it is the note that gives the Blues scale a bluesy sound. Much like the major pentatonic scale, the sound of the minor pentatonic scale makes it appealing for many guitarists who want to write hard-hitting and straightforward guitar licks. Ideally, you should try playing the minor scales on a piano or keyboard to get used to the sound and feel of them. The minor scale is the scale which sounds negative – it is used by composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods. It’s easy to work out any harmonic minor scale. C major scale: C, D, E, F, G, A, B. Here is a composing task for you to have a go at to develop your ability to compose in minor keys. However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use: Each scale sounds similarly “minor-like”, but they each also have their own unique flavour. A minor scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, G. G major scale: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#. This set pattern of note intervals beginning on D leads us to a scale with all white notes except for a B Flat instead of a B natural: The crucial thing to remember is you only need to change the natural minor scale on the way up. Please check your email inbox for a confirmation email to access the FREE resources.. we respect your privacy and will never share your email address with 3rd parties. The one above is the natural or pure minor scale. This will require you to know some notes on the fretboard, otherwise you’ll never know what key you’re playing in. on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. This is caused by the raised seventh note of the scale. Relative Minor: F Minor. Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone and a half – Semitone. Here’s a picture of the notes on the fretboard that I pulled up after a few seconds on google. In fact, this note is often called the blue note. In order to play in a different key, just slide your shape around on the fretboard until one of the big M’s lands on the major key you want, or one of the little m’s for the minor key you want. Every major key has its relative minor key. So, your melodic minor pattern will be: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Semitone. To go even further, repeat with shape 3. Natural Minor Scales Chart: There are three types of minor scales. Let’s have a look at two examples of natural minor scales: The key signature of A minor tells us that there are no sharps or flats (in other words, you play all the white notes on a keyboard and none of the black notes). It overlaps with the other two, so you just tack it towards the end of shape number 1 and presto: you have extended your A major scale by 4 frets. Let’s have a look at a couple of examples: Have a look at the sheet music for the A Melodic Minor Scale: The guitar major scale is happy upbeat and useful in a variety of styles of music. The black dots are notes that fill in the rest of the scale and they don’t have any particular importance in my chart.

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