He released a 184-page encyclical, a type of Papal message, warning of the dangers of climate change. He also said that evolution "is not inconsistent with the notion of creation.". According to The Independent newspaper, Pope Francis said that "The Big Bang, which today we hold to be the origin of the world, does not contradict the intervention of the divine creator but, rather, requires it." He graduated from a technical school as a chemical technician before beginning training at the Diocesan Seminary of Villa Devoto. Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 17, 1936, to Italian immigrants. As a young man, Bergoglio underwent surgery to remove part of one of his lungs due to a serious infection. Late in the month, it was announced that the Pope would host three of the victims from Chile. Addressing a crowd of tens of thousands in St. Peter's Square, in the Vatican City in Rome, Italy, after his selection by the conclave, Pope Francis stated, "As you know, the duty of the conclave was to appoint a bishop of Rome. The Pope also met with other religious leaders, after which he headed to Bangladesh to show support for Rohingya refugees. The provision I had made in this regard, limited to the duration of the Extraordinary Holy Year, is hereby extended, notwithstanding anything to the contrary. In the article, it was revealed that the deciding factor that led to Pope Francis landing at the top of the list, was his ability to alter the minds of so many people who had given up on the Catholic church in such a short period of time. A co-production with the Vatican, the film also follows the Pope on his journeys around to world to places like the World Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem and Ground Zero to the Holy Land and Africa. On May 20, 1992, Bergoglio was named titular bishop of Auca and auxiliary of Buenos Aires; he was ordained into that post a week later. Benedict XVI served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. In this 2008 photo, Argentina's Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, second from left, travels on the subway in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The following March, it was announced that Pope Francis had been nominated for the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize. Pope Benedict XVI meets Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the archbishop of Buenos Aires, on Jan. 13, 2007. To date, he has beatified more than three dozen people, including Óscar Romero, a priest from El Salvador who was assassinated in 1980 because of his espousal of liberation theology and his activism to protect marginalized people. He was granted sainthood in 2015. Early Life and Education. Shortly after the Pope returned to Rome in late January, the Vatican announced that it was dispatching Archbishop Charles Scicluna — the church's "Eliot Ness" of sex abuse investigations—to Chile to look into the issue and "hear those who have expressed the desire to provide elements in their possession.". The patron saint of missionaries and one of the founders of the Jesuit order, Saint Francis Xavier sought religious converts throughout Asia during the 1500s. . Mother Teresa was the founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation of women dedicated to helping the poor. While he does not believe women should be ordained as priests, Francis considers women an essential part of the church. ", On November 21, 2016, as the Jubilee Year of Mercy ended, the Vatican announced that the Pope had extended the dispensation to all priests to absolve "the grave sin" of abortion. Here I am. He did not receive this honor, but he continued to devote his time to reach out to Catholics around the world. News circulated about the fact that he returned to the boarding house where he had been staying to pay his bill personally, rather than send an assistant, and that he would choose to live in a simple two-room apartment rather than the luxurious papal accommodations in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace. The Vatican said that the Pope would meet with each man individually, "allowing each one to speak for as long as they wish.". . Prior to the 2013 papal conclave, Pope Francis had served as both archbishop and cardinal for more than 12 years. I have met so many women who bear in their heart the scar of this agonizing and painful decision. He later returned to his alma mater, the Colegio of San José, where he served as rector (1980-86) as well as a professor of theology. I would like to thank you for your embrace. Bergoglio, who took the name of Pope Francis, was elected on Wednesday, March 13, 2013, the 266th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church. Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis on March 13, 2013, when he was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Catherine of Aragon was King Henry VIII's first wife. ", Also in December 2013, Pope Francis was named Person of the Year by Time magazine. In August 2018, the Vatican announced that Pope Francis had approved a change to the Catechism of the Catholic Church that now considers the death penalty "inadmissible because it is an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person." Cardinal Bergoglio was named leader of the world's 1.2 billion Catholics on March 13, 2013, after being elected pope. He is best known for his rigid views on Catholicism and topics such as birth control and homosexuality. At least five churches were attacked in the days leading up to his visit, with vandals leaving a threatening message directed at the Pope in one case. I am well aware of the pressure that has led them to this decision. I know that it is an existential and moral ordeal. The pope first met with powerful military General Min Aung Hlaing, who refuted reports of ethnic cleansing by claiming there was "no religious discrimination in Myanmar.". However, he subsequently angered sexual abuse victims by claiming he had yet to learn of any "proof" of an alleged cover-up by the bishop in question. Prior to his election as pope, Bergoglio served as archbishop of Buenos Aires from 1998 to 2013 (succeeding Antonio Quarracino), as cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church of Argentina from 2001 to 2013, and as president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina from 2005 to 2011. During a television interview in early December, Pope Francis suggested a small but meaningful change to "Our Father," commonly known as the "Lord's Prayer." That way they are legally covered,” Francis said in the documentary. Bergoglio taught literature and psychology at Immaculate Conception College in Santa Fé in 1964 and 1965 and also taught the same subjects at the Colegio del Salvatore in Buenos Aires in 1966. His decision to crack down on church corruption and excommunicate members of the Mafia were hailed by Catholics and non-Catholics alike, though they also caused him to receive death threats. He also continued to present a more accepting attitude toward homosexuality than previous pontiffs, saying that "God in creation has set us free: it is not possible to interfere spiritually in the life of a person," according to The Guardian. In September 2015, Pope Francis continued to stir up the status quo in the Catholic Church when he announced that priests around the world will be allowed to forgive the “sin of abortion” during a “year of mercy,” which starts December 8, 2015 and ends November 20, 2016. He spoke out against global abuses and the misuse of political and economic power, lamenting the disappearances and suspected murders of 43 students in Mexico; the dangers and losses of life caused by immigration; financial mismanagement within the church itself; and sexual abuse. In choosing to live more simply, Pope Francis broke a tradition that had been upheld by popes for more than a century. The documentary, written and directed by Wim Wenders, shows the Pope's "work of reform and his answers to today’s global questions from death, social justice, immigration, ecology, wealth inequality, materialism, and the role of the family." In 2005, he was named president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina, serving in that position until 2011. The policy was documented in an apostolic letter written by the Pope, which stated: " . The archbishop of Buenos Aires, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, washes the feet of a unidentified woman on Holy Thursday at the Buenos Aires' Sarda maternity hospital on March 24, 2005.

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