Rational actions reflect beliefs and preferences in certain orderly ways. La maxime de Hume est un theoreme de la theorie des probabilites. Against it I argue that even ideal evidential and causal maximizers would do differe... Two theorems for analyses of expected utilities under partitions in a causal decision theory are proved. Moral properties would supervene upon non-moral properties and be conceptually autonomous. ... By logical MT, one is supposed to conclude that the key was not turned. 366JORDAN HOWARD SOBEL laws_[Thus] the universal imperative of duty can be expressed as follows: Act as though the maxim of your action were by your will to become a universal law of nature. The arguments for the belief are analysed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm to Gödel, the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz, and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. . Then principles are considered that would, under certain conditions,... L'A. Defending the coherence of particular resolutions along these... L'A. Howard is survived Logic and Theism: Arguments for and against Beliefs in God, ( The next two chapters consider arguments against belief.... A theory of right action is implicit in Hume’s delineation of the virtues. I have maintained that some but not all prisoners' dilemmas are side-by-side Necomb problems. This is a wide-ranging 2004 book about arguments for and against beliefs in God. An objection to Eells's first argument for this makes welcome a second. Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens for Conditional Probabilities, and Updating on Uncertain Evidence, ‘Hoist with His Owne Petar’:1 On the Undoing of a Liar Paradox, Expected Utilities and Rational Actions and Choices, Utilitarian Principles for Imperfect Agents, Blackburn's Problem: On Its Not Insignificant Residue, Logic and Theism Arguments For and Against Beliefs in God, Hume’s Utilitarian Theory of Right Action, Garrett Cullity’s Response to an Imperceptibility Challenge, Ramsey's Foundations Extended to Desirabilities, Cyclical Preferences and World Bayesianism, On the significance of conditional probabilities. ). principle for updating by conditioning on certain evidenc... A Liar would express a proposition that is true and not true. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. One is restricted to a certain kind of partition of circumstances, and analyzes the utility of an option in terms of its utilities in conjunction with circumstances in this partition. , Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. However, LP of course allows us to give just the same argument against bivalence for propositions, using propositional versions of (TR) and (FR). likely duration…But the extra food bought with my money will not be used to feed one extra person. One distinction of interest here is between an agent's beliefs and preferences just before an action's time, and his bel... Relations between conditional probabilities, revisions of probabilities in the light of new information, and conditions of ideal rationality are discussed herein. Nonquantitative conditions on preferences for worlds, and gambles for worlds and certain near-worlds, are formulated which he says insure that a subject's preferences for worlds are represented by numb... An example shows that 'pairwise preferences' (certain hypothetical choices) can cycle even when rational. . propose une interpretation bayesienne de la maxime de Hume selon laquelle aucun temoignage ne constitue une raison suffisante pour etablir un miracle. A world-bayesian theory is explained that accommodates these two kinds of preference, and a theory for rational actions that would... Can I will that my maxim becomes a universal law? Jordan Howard Sobel (1929-2010) Prosblogion reports the death of Jordan Howard Sobel, author of Logic and Theism, which Robert Koons has described as the best book on philosophy or religion written from an atheistic point of view since J. L. Mackie’s The Miracle of Theism. Taking Chances: Essays on Rational Choice (Cambridge Studies in Probability, Induction and Decision Theory) Apr 29, 1994. by Jordan Howard Sobel Hardcover. A less de... Two partition-theorems are proved for a particular causal decision theory. The formal character of conditional probabilities, and their significance for epistemic states of agents is taken up. More generally, it seems that any argument that uses Liar sentences to make trouble for bivalence 12 See, e.g., ... 11 This has meant that crucial assumptions have gone unnoticed. Sobel's treatment of the topic is superior to most. V(w), weep) where (p)... Donald Regan's book is a study of forms of utilitarian theory and of properties to which these forms may aspire. It gives qualified priority to ‘rules of justice’ On Hare's argument for preference utilitarianism*, Producers’ make or buy decision and business shutdown: An evaluation of choice in textile industry, Preemption and a Dilemma for Causal Decision Theory, NeuroEconomics: An overview from an economic perspective. Jordan Howard Sobel - 1994 - Cambridge University Press. That, according to Simon Blackburn, would make them if not impossible at least mysterious, and evidence for them best explained by theorists who say they are not real. Please try your request again later. Temporarily out of stock. Pascalian wagers founded on a variety of possible probability/value profiles are examined from a Bayesian perspective central to which is the idea that states and option... By his definition of them, David Gauthier's co-operative constrained maximizers are not necessarily unsharing and disposed to exclude straight maximizers from benefits of their co-operation. In 2004 a new, comprehensive book became the most important of the current skeptical treatises, Howard Sobel's LOGIC AND THEISM. The arguments for the belief are analyzed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm through Godel; the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz; and arguments from evidence for design and miracles.

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