[citation needed]. Building damage was extensive and the southern islands of Kefalonia and Zakynthos were practically levelled. The British greatly improved the islands' communications, and introduced modern education and justice systems. Kerkyra has a population of 103,300 (including Paxoi), Zakynthos 40,650, Kefallonia 39,579 (including Ithaca), Lefkada 22,536, Ithaki 3,052, Kythera 3,000 and Paxi 2,438. The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek, Katharevousa: Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. Vrika Beach. In 1798, the Russian Admiral Ushakov evicted the French, and established the Septinsular Republic under joint Russo-Ottoman protection—the first time Greeks had had even limited self-government since the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The islands became more self-consciously Greek as the 19th century, the century of romantic nationalism, neared. Under Byzantine rule, from the mid-8th century, they formed the theme of Cephallenia. [9] Additionally, unemployment for 2012 was 14.7, the lowest among all Greek regions, and much lower compared to the national unemployment of 24.2. [citation needed] Archeological investigations have revealed findings in both Kefalonia and Ithaca. During the centuries of rule by Venice, they acquired Venetian names, by which some of them are still known in English (and in Italian). A variety of spellings are used for the Greek names of the islands, particularly in historical writing. Under Venetian rule, many of the upper classes[3] spoke Italian (or Venetian in some cases) and converted to Roman Catholicism, but the majority remained Greek ethnically, linguistically, and religiously. A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea. Though considered by ancient authors to be part of the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea is now seen as a separate body of water. Since you are already here then chances are that you are looking for the Daily Themed Crossword Solutions. The islands were settled by Greeks at an early date, possibly as early as 1200 BC, and certainly by the 9th century BC. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ionian-Sea. While Kefalonia Airport had the biggest increase nationwide by 13.11% compared to 2011, while Corfu had an increase of 6.31%. Corfu, Paxi and Kythera were taken by the Venetians in 1204, after the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade. Kefallonia is often spelled as Cephallenia or Cephalonia, Ithaki as Ithaca, Kerkyra as Corcyra, Kythera as Cythera, Lefkada as Leucas or Leucada and Zakynthos as Zacynthus or Zante. This page contains answers to puzzle 2d. They also regarded the Bavarian-born king of Greece, King Otto, as unfriendly to Britain. On May 2, 1864, the British departed and the islands became three provinces of the Kingdom of Greece, though Britain retained the use of the port of Corfu. They are traditionally called the Heptanese ("Seven Islands"; Ἑπτάνησα, Heptanēsa or Ἑπτάνησος, Heptanēsos; Italian: Eptaneso), but the group includes many smaller islands as well as the seven principal ones. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Administratively today they belong to the Ionian Islands Region except for Kythera, which belongs to the Attica Region. Updates? What is the world’s largest inland sea? Ionian Sea, Latin Mare Ionium, Italian Mare Ionio, part of the Mediterranean Sea, lying between Albania (northeast), Greece (east), Sicily (southwest), and Italy (west and northwest). [7] The fertility rate for 2011 according to Eurostat was 1.35 live births per woman during her lifetime. The Ionian Islands stretch along the eastern edges of the sea; the main islands are Corfu, Lefkada, Kefallonia and … Once Greek independence was established after 1830, however, the islanders began to resent foreign colonial rule by the British, and to press for Enosis - union with Greece. Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? Voutoumi Beach. Some remained under the control of the Macedonian Kingdom until 146 BC, when the Greek peninsula was gradually annexed by Rome. However, the GDP per capita of KeFalonia and Zante, 23,275 and 24,616 respectively, was much higher than the national figure. The 1953 Ionian islands earthquake occurred with a surface wave magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) on August 12, 1953.

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