The effects of this type of tourism are both positive and negative. It means that there is a demand which the industries fulfill by providing goods for consumption. For instance, many countries in Africa, especially, rely heavily on the tourist industry. Let us add here, in case of business tourism and MICE tourism, the expectations; the standards or parameters; the services and the infrastructure; and the quality levels, all are little high. Let us now look at what tourism industry is and how it plays such an important role. Tourists come from different countries and carry back image and perception about your country with them and share it with many more. Because he or she is a traveler, meaning, they travel to various places for business and leisure. The secondary effects aren’t as obvious, but local produce growers, for example, benefit due to the increased need for what they grow or sell. This sector brings the developed, growing, developing and emerging economies, all on single platform, thus driving them to become competitive globally and improve on their level of services, at least to be tourism competitive. This is the reason which perhaps makes tourism much more important than any other industry or sector. They also help empower local communities. For companies in the tourism industry, the focus is on personalization and offering authentic experiences. Skiing holidays, for example, have been popular since the 1860s and the industry continues to grow. Hundreds of millions of jobs around the world depend on it, both formally and informally. What the tourists spend on consumption of these services and products becomes the revenues of tourism industry. The travel services sector is made up of a complex web of relationships between a variety of suppliers, tourism products, destination marketing organizations, tour operators, and travel agents, among many others. Let us look at this from a more factual and proved point of view. This creates the value or supply chain of tourism industry. This is the value chain of tourism where different industries and players provide products and services to fulfill the demand and needs of tourists. Tourism as an activity is what creates the demand. So, apart from the basic and necessary expenditure tourists may be motivated to do many other activities and consume and spend on other things to make their travel time more enjoyable and memorable one. In 2019, the top 10 countries with outbound travel and tourism expenditure contributed 890 billion dollars to the global economy! That’s a lot of money spent outside of the tourists’ home country while traveling. The 12 basic types of industries classified by UNWTO listed above are the tourism value chain industries. These countries are able to fully benefit from tourism. Second is to travel. And that, in turn, keeps the sites from being destroyed, securing the local community’s traditions in the process. It has become a major source of income for a lot of countries, especially those with a young or developing economy. We will know how tourism plays such a significant role for countries, economies and its significance for wide scale growth and development. Switzerland is the cradle of winter tourism and continues to be the most popular destination. To strengthen the true role, importance and significance of tourism industry as a whole, we would like to quote Mr. Mutyandasvika, general manager of The Elephant Hills resort as telling The Sunday News of Zimbabwe in an interview, that hosting conferences and meetings significantly contributed to the hotel revenues but MICE business in general is helping in the branding of that place's destination, employment creation and infrastructure development. Tourism gains importance as an activity which has far reaching positive impacts on industries, economy, society and therefore for the whole growth, progress and development of a country. This understanding only will build the basis to know and understand economic value & importance of tourism. This is why residents of such countries will travel to have these procedures done in a foreign place. Nearly all WTO members emphasize the importance of tourism, especially in terms of its contribution to employment and generating foreign exchange. There are so many different kinds of tourism. But thankfully, volunteer tourism also has some definite benefits, present in well-run volunteer programs. Due to these 5 factors only tourism creates demand, fulfills that demand, increases consumption, and brings growth and development to countries and economies. For example, it is difficult for produce to reach restaurants if the roads are severely damaged or undrivable. Many travel destinations that are popular today have only recently … Now how much they consume and whether they do or not is entirely different. Religious tourism is the act of traveling to religiously important areas, structures and buildings across the globe. This is because we cannot properly define tourism as an industry limited by a certain set of related economic activities. Tourist generates business in a country and plays a key role in achieving the socio-economic goals of development plans of the nation. These aspects of human resource management and development are essential for every sector but in the case of tourism, they have a special significance. This spreads all the way from the pilots who fly the tourists into dishwashers at restaurants who see a rise in customers at the height of the tourist season. These could include services from local restaurants, local food joints and places to eat; entertainment places cinemas & theme parks or cultural or sports activities; and may even include retail products and services; shopping malls; or electronics & telecommunications products and services. The definition of tourism also creates the foundation and the broad context of the tourism industry through which most of the advantages and benefits are received by the country as a whole.

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