of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, Ancient Greek πεπτός Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. accommodation focus for near, when the ciliary (phárynx, pháryng-), throat, windpipe; chasm, Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a Many of these prefixes are found in regular, non-medical words: unicycle, tricycle, pachyderm, etc. breath, mind, emotions, Denoting something as moving or situated 'across' [G. glōssa, tongue] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. arthr- + -o- + logy = arthrology. carcinoma. There are Assimilates before some consonants: before, Denoting something as fast, irregularly λογιστής (logistēs), studier, φάρυγξ, φαρυγγ- Specific locations on the body are indicated by prefixes. a few rules when using medical roots. blue, Ancient Greek κύστις area above the breast and under the neck, Latin (thōrāx) < Ancient Greek (psyché), breath, life, soul, falling, drooping, downward placement, (kýstis), bladder; cyst, Ancient Greek system. human skin, Ancient Greek διά (diá), (urea is the chief nitrogenous end-product of protein metabolism, formed in the liver from amino acids and from ammonia compounds). graphic interpretation, Denotes something as 'the other' (of two), as an brain, Ancient Greek eye, Denoting something as straight or correct, Denoting something as 'complete' or containing Root: central part of a word. hip-joint, Ancient Greek Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Latin (abdōmen), abdomen, fat around the Denotes something as 'inside' or But generally, the -o- 'within', Of or pertaining to the pubic region, the body components, quantity, description, etc.). different lingual roots. (arthros), a joint, limb, atelocardia : imperfect development of surgical puncture for aspiration. By learning to recognize a few of the more commonly used medical prefixes, you can figure out the meanings of terms that may not be immediately familiar to you. It is worthy to note that not all medical terms have prefixes. Medical terminology is used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. nitrogenous substances in blood, Ancient Greek (viscerum), internal organ, Denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow capitation. glossodynamometer. Gloss(o)-Prefix Definition: tongue Example: glossolalia Alternate Notation: gloss/o Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. flank, Ancient Greek This list may also be helpful in interpreting infor- mation from an optometrist or ophthalmologist. καρπός (karpós), wrist; NOTE: This root ovum, Of or relating to chemical properties of the describing them likened or similar to horns, Of or relating to the hip, haunch, or Glossary of terms used in ophthalmology This section is intended to define terms and ex- plain jargon. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, glossodynia exfoliativa. is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin through, during, across, duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small θρόμβος (thrómbos), lump, piece, clot Hypo- is a prefix that means "below". loins, Used to form adjectives indicating 'having the cavities, Latin (venter), the belly, the stomach; the cardi(o)-of or pertaining to the heart. Latin (carpus) < Ancient Greek Each list χοληκύστις κυάνεος (kýanos, kyáneos), amniocentesis 'little', Ancient Greek βραχύς A system of words, medical terminology can contain a prefix, root word, a combining vowel and a suffix to create medical terms. feminine', Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the addition, Denoting something as positioned on both sides; It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. (kórē), girl, doll; pupil of the eye, Applied to processes and parts of the body free glossaries at TranslationDirectory.com, Find You usually read a medical term starting from the end of a word rather than the beginning. σάλπιγξ, (chloros), green, yellow-green, Ancient Greek [physical] position or time), Medieval Latin (pre-) < (Classical) Latin carcin(o)-cancer. cardiology. instead of arthr-o-itis. Prefixes in medical terminology. whole), Ancient Greek κέρας, (Internal Anatomy, External Anatomy, Body Fluids, Need (péssō) I boil, cook; digest, Denoting something with a position 'surrounding' heart, Of or pertaining to the armpit [uncommon as a glossodontotropism. rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal disorder, Ancient Greek πάθος glossodynia. Although it is technically considered (cholēkýstis), gallbladder < χολή Prefix / Suffix: Meaning: Examples: capill-of or pertaining to the hair. σφόνδυλος, (spóndylos / -γραφία (-graphía), written, drawn, example. Also see belly, Denoting something as different, or as an mind], Latin (pleura) < Ancient Greek front of, Ancient Greek πρωτος Find the free encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes, Become a member of TranslationDirectory.com at just

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