As there are many religions, so there are numbers of religious laws too, that governs the people of different religions. Using an exploratory quantitative analysis, the influence of religiosity on gender inequality in social, economic and political spheres is examined. Women’s Status in Ancient India _____ Hinduism’s revealed scriptures summon forth … GENDER INEQUALITY. Their prowess and spiritual presence in society are legendary. Admitting the complexity of the issues, some religious norms and traditions can contribute to the formation of gender inequalities and to subordinate the role of women in society. Gender Inequality. Although the trinity in Hinduism [Brahma, Visnu and Siva] is male, “their power cannot be enacted without the female aspect” or sakti (Joshee 73-75). Legal reforms and granting equal political rights will not be enough to eliminate gender inequality. If certain dharmas at times seem biased in favour of one gender or the other, that is because one is not looking at the larger goals stated above. Discussions of gender within Hinduism are particularly interesting because “Hinduism is marked by a heritage of patriarchal hierarchy” with “a strong matriarchal mythology” (Joshee 73). Gender Roles in Hinduism As with all cultures and religions, women are viewed as inferior to men spiritually and mentally, they are considered to be weak and dependant on male family members. Sociocultural influences have spillover effects across all domains, including the organizational workforce, and social and political contexts. The biggest religions including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism either forbid or limit women in leading positions. This is the ultimate goal of Hinduism. So dharma is defined keeping in mind the goals of moksha plus harmonious living during a particular janma/lifetime. Gender inequality in Hindu and Muslim Personal Laws in India Parul Chaudhary Abstract India is a country of people from diverse religions and backgrounds. Societies need a radical change and social stereotypes have to be destroyed in order to achieve gender equality. The most important scripture in Hinduism is the Laws of Manu and according to these text women undergo three stages in their life. Laws of Manu is one of the standard books in the Hindu canon, and a basic text for all gurus to base their teachings on. Gender inequality exists in the form of socially constructed, predefined gender roles firmly anchored in India’s sociocultural fabric that has deep cultural and historical roots. We proud Indians of 21 st century rejoice in celebrations when a boy is born, and if it is a girl, a muted or no celebrations is the norm. CULTURE. Love for a male child is so much so that from the times immemorial we are killing our daughters at birth or before birth, and if, fortunately, she is not killed we find various ways to discriminate against her throughout her life. Old-age Hindu beliefs on the roles of the different gender. Every religion has its Music, Arts & Spirituality: Throughout history women have been among the great poets, musical composers and artists of India.

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