We are going to consider three questions: Paul regards the statement in the Psalm (Psalms 68:18) as a prediction of the ascension of Christ. The statement "When he ascended on high he led captivity captive" (Ephesians 4:8) could mean that when Jesus ascended into heaven he led a host of captives in train who ascended into heaven with him. It is cited to show that Christ gives. Ephesians 4:8 Therefore it says,“When He ascended on high,He led captive a host of captives,And He gave gifts to men.” (Revelation 20:13). To go up, mount, ascend; of things: I rise, spring up, come up. Paul adds that this ascent to the highest heaven should be considered together with a prior descent into the lower parts of the earth. Some people might say, “The hell that Jesus went into was not “Gehenna” but the bad side of “Hades” where the rich man who died was in torment: "In Hades he lifted up his eyes being in torments" (Luke 16:23).” But that would contradict Jesus who said to the thief on the cross, "Today you will be with me in Paradise" (Luke 23:43). He led captivity captive - The meaning of this in the Psalm is, that he triumphed over his foes. He led captivity captive.--The modern use of these words as describing our Lord's triumph over the power of evil, hitherto triumphant over man, and so giving freedom by leading captive the power of captivity, although in itself profoundly true, is not supported by the original, in which it is simply used for "a body of captives." In Ephesians some have interpreted the captives: (1) as the enemies of Christ, namely, Satan, sin, and death; or (2) as the people who have been the captives of Satan, sin and death, and who are now taken captive by Christ in redemption. Ephesians 4:8 —Does Paul inaccurately quote Psalm 68:18?. —The rescue of sinners requires a ransom they cannot pay. Tap the title above, next to the arrow, to go to that page with a link back to this page. www.simplybible.com Copyright © Ron Graham 2001, "was buried, and that he was raised on the third day according to the scriptures", "descended into the lower parts of the earth", "You will not leave my soul in Sheol, nor will you let your Holy One see corruption", "You will not leave my soul in Hades, nor will you allow your Holy One to see corruption", "You snakes! 4:8).Yet the OT Psalm reads, “You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive; you have received gifts among men.” Is there a discrepancy here between these two texts? Paul applies this to Christ's ascension to heaven. When we become the captive slaves of Jesus Christ, we find liberty in that captivity. Wherefore, on which account, therefore. What does it mean that Jesus "led captivity captive and gave gifts to men"? 2. "Many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many". But this, I think, is not quite the idea. He led captivity captive. 1. This is a paradox, but not a contradiction, because Christ’s slaves are "sons of God... heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ" (Romans 8:14-17). The context of Ephesians 4:8 lies in the passage of Ephesians 4:1-16. "All have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus" (Romans 3:23-24). When his body was buried, didn't his soul go into hell?”. Judges 5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam. He paid the price to release people from captivity in sin, and to purchase them as his own slaves to righteousness. To find out where Jesus’s soul went when his body was buried, we go to the Psalm which has Christ saying to his Father, "You will not leave my soul in Sheol, nor will you let your Holy One see corruption" (Psalm 16:10). To take captive, captivate. Height, heaven; dignity, eminence. ¶“7But each one of us was given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Captivity; a captive multitude. How will you escape being condemned to Hell? Ephesians 4:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 4:8, NIV: "This is why it says: 'When he ascended on high, he took many captives and gave gifts to his people.'" The first thing to examine is, what does it mean to lead captivity captive. Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. So we see that Jesus was in a place called “Sheol”. So, while it may be something of an aside, we will devote a lesson to it because the question is important. Paul was speaking of the unity of the body of Christ which should inform the spiritual conduct of every believer. Hell, seen in the vision as a lake of fire, was where the wicked went after judgment. Tap the title above, next to the arrow, to go to that page with a link back to this page. The ascension of Christ secured and declared His triumph. The “proof” that Christ preached to people in hell, is thought to be Peter's statement that Christ "went and preached to the spirits in prison" (1Peter 3:19). It was Christ who exercised this leadership from his throne in heaven, and he continues to do so through providence and the inspired writings of those whom he gifted. This interpretation certainly reflects the context in which Paul mentions the prophecy. Does this verse say that Christ, after his resurrection, led the old testament saints into heaven? In a moment we will see that this is not hell, the place of eternal punishment. When Christ died, was buried, arose from the dead, and ascended to the right hand of God, he set a host of captives free from sin and took them captive to himself. 10He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things” (Ephesians 4:7-10 quoting Psalm 68:18). However, it does not have to mean this, and there is no such event recorded in scripture. 2. This leadership of Christ includes the work Christ has done through the agency of the Holy Spirit. From ana and the base of basis; to go up. Therefore it says, “WHEN HE ASCENDED ON HIGH, HE LED CAPTIVITY CAPTIVE, AND HE BESTOWED GIFTS ON MEN.” (Now this expression, “He ascended,” what does it mean except that He also had previously descended [from the heights of heaven] into the lower parts of the earth?
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