Although the church did not always challenge the communist rule openly, it served as a popular rallying point for opposition to the Soviet Union and the Polish communist party. Sometimes, this defense is raised by those accused of female genital mutilation. The “cultural defense” is the claim that courts should consider relevant features of an immigrant defendant’s cultural background when ascertaining guilt … It lent its active support to the Solidarity free trade union movement in the 1980's that brought about the fall of communism. Cultural Defence & Cultural Transiton. For example, in Poland Catholicism was a key part of Polish culture that was being oppressed by a Communist state. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. There is no global agreement about self-expression values, which is seen to constitute the real clash between Muslim societies and the West. relationship. The defense shall be available to criminal acts involving child abuse, child neglect, or child endangerment. recent years, religion has been at the centre of a number of global conflicts for example  9/11 attacks. Poland. In criminal law, a cultural defense, a novel theory, is a defense to the prosecution for a criminal act which, according to the defendant results from his/her cultural background. Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Cultural Defence and Religion and the 'Clash of Civilisations.'. The defense shall be available to criminal acts involving child abuse, child neglect, or child endangerment. Religious differences create an ‘us and them’ 806 8067 22, Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, SCLY3 and SCLY4, Beliefs in Society and Crime and Deviance », Edexcel A2 Global Politics Paper 3D OFFICIAL THREAD », Atheists in Malaysia should be hunted down, minister says », Why would you want a multi-cultural society? declared an Islamic republic, and was appointed Iran's political and religious Can someone elaborate, please? Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. In such situations, religion has special significance for its followers because it symbolises the group or society’s collective identity. Sometimes, this defense is raised by those accused of female genital mutilation. Also, the example of ''Northern Ireland'' is always associated with it. Defending the community against a threat often gives religion a prominent role in religion. This is where religion serves to unite a community against an external threat. Bruce- found two counter trends to secularisation theory (they go against it) cultural defence: -religion is a focal point for defence. Cultural Defence. He identifies two examples:  Poland  Iran 12. In This defense is sometimes raised by those accused of female genital mutilation. Consideration of culture allows prosecutors, judges, and … Cultural defense operates when there are two competing faiths jostling for prominence and religious loyalty is strengthened. He resurgence of islam…. Religion and the 'clash of civilisations'. In some other countries, such as Saudi Arabia, the religious leadership is closely tied to the local elite. Get the USLegal Last Will Combo Legacy Package and protect your family today! A great and developed mind map on cultural defence. Cleric Ayatollah Khomeini, promised the return to traditional In criminal law, a cultural defense, a novel theory, is a defense to the prosecution for a criminal act which, according to the defendant results from his/her cultural background. Browse US Legal Forms’ largest database of 85k state and industry-specific legal forms. Culturally and Linguistically Specific Services Program [Department of Justice], Acceptable Quality Level [Agricultural Marketing Service], Acceptance [Agricultural Marketing Service]. The cultural defense is popularized by homicide cases, such as those involving honor killings where male relatives are compelled to take the life of an allegedly adulterous woman in order to protect the family name and reputation. Religion as cultural defence Steve Bruce (2002) sees one function of religion in today’s world as that of cultural defence. The church regained a central role and has significant influence on Polish politics since. but can also cause conflict. Shared religion creates social cohesion Consideration of culture allows prosecutors, judges, and juries to determine the appropriate level of culpability. ». Poland and Iran are two examples which illustrate how religion can be used in defence of national identity in the face of political domination. Poland was under communist rule by the Soviet Union. Any help would be appreciated. Cultural defense theory suggests that religion helps some ethnic minority groups preserve a sense of unique cultural identity in the face of an unwelcoming and hostile mainstream culture.

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