[36] More recently, it has also been used as a metaphor to symbolize revolutionary struggle since the turn of the 20th century. Why is there so much artwork of the plant? In China, plum wine is called méijiǔ (梅酒). [24] To make syrup, the ratio of sugar to plum should be at least 1:1 to prevent fermentation, by which the liquid may turn into plum wine. "—a comparison of the flowers with the plum blossom to which the renowned Song dynasty poet Su Dongpo (蘇東坡) replied, "Well, yes, they might. They are weighed down with a heavy stone (or some more modern implement) until late August. [11] The skin turns yellow, sometimes with a red blush, as it ripens, and the flesh becomes yellow. In Vietnam, due to the beauty of the tree and its flowers, the word mai is used to name girls. It can be found in sparse forests, stream sides, forested slopes along trails and mountains, sometimes at altitudes up to 1,700–3,100 m (5,600–10,200 ft), and regions of cultivation. Due to having five petals, they are also a representation of success and prosperity due to the number being sacred in Chinese culture. The National Flower of the Republic of China was officially designated as the plum blossom by the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (Taiwan) on July 21, 1964. The plant is known by a number of different names in English, including Chinese plum[2] and Japanese apricot. Prunus mume originated around the Yangtze River in the south of China. [45][46][47] The court ladies were said to be so impressed that they started decorating their own foreheads with a small delicate plum blossom design. Chinese plums have been discovered in several tombs in Kiangsu, Hupei, Kuangtung, and Kuangsi. Snowbirds look again before they land, When everything has faded they alone shine forth, They are cultivated throughout China but are mostly cultivated south of the Chiang Jiang river. "In Vitro Inhibition of Human Influenza a Virus Infection by Fruit-Juice Concentrate of Japanese Plum (Prunus mume SIEB. [9] It was later introduced to Japan,[10] Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam. [17] In Confucianism, the plum blossom stands for the principles and values of virtue. As the plum tree can usually grow for a long time, ancient trees are found throughout China. Due to Covid-19, restaurant open hours and service may differ. Plums used for making umeboshi are harvested in late May or early June, while they are ripe enough in yellow, and layered with much salt[27]. Huamei (話梅) are Chinese preserved plums and refers to Chinese plums pickled in sugar, salt, and herbs. A big reason why this is so is that during Chinese New Year, which is the most celebrated festival of Chinese, plum blossoms … [7] Although generally referred to as a plum in English, it is more closely related to the apricot. In the middle of June, select a slightly yellowish plum just before its maturation during the rainy season, wash it thoroughly with water, and lift it in a basket to pick the top. [17] Branches of plum blossoms are often arranged in porcelain or ceramic vases, such as the meiping (literally "plum vase"). The plum blossom grows widely in China, from Heilungkiang in the north to Kuangtung and Kuangsi in the south and Tibet in the west. Makizushi made with plums may be made with either umeboshi or bainiku (umeboshi paste), often in conjunction with green shiso leaves. In China, there are over 300 recorded cultivars of Prunus mume. [38] These groupings are seen repeatedly in the Chinese aesthetic of art, painting, literature, and garden design. It can be made by simply mixing plums and sugar together, and then leaving them for about 100 days. They are cultivated throughout China but are mostly cultivated south of the Chiang Jiang river. When used in haiku or renga, they are a kigo or season word for early spring. The plants themselves are a symbol of perseverance because of how they bloom in the cold winters. In Taiwan, the plum blossom is the national flower, and throughout mainland China and Taiwan, plum blossoms … "[35] Plum blossoms inspired many people of the era. His courtesy name was Yuanzhang (元章) and his pseudonyms were Zhushi Shannong (煮石山農, Mountain Farmer who Cooks Rocks), Fangniu Weng (放牛翁, Ox-herding Old Man), and Meihua Wuzhu […] The flowers that sprout from the branches are either white or pink and fruit grows from the branches as well. [38] It is one of the "Flowers of the Four Seasons", which consist of the orchid (spring), the lotus (summer), the chrysanthemum (autumn) and the plum blossom (winter). The plum blossom tree is not simply decorative and the fact that its fruit could become so many different types of food made it useful to the Chinese. In Japan, similar drink made from green plums, tastes sweet and tangy, is considered a cold, refreshing drink and is often enjoyed in the summer. [30] A recent study has indicated that Prunus mume extract is a potential candidate for developing an oral antimicrobial agent to control or prevent dental diseases associated with several oral pathogenic bacteria. It is one of the famous Chinese traditional flowers. [28][29] It has long been used as a traditional drug and healthy food in East Asian countries. Pickled with coarse salt, they are quite salty and sour, and therefore eaten sparingly. [74] Hoàng Mai (yellow plum blossom) is the name of a district in Hanoi. [11] The flowers are 2–2.5 cm (0.79–0.98 in) in diameter and have a strong fragrant scent. The plum blossom tree is not simply decorative and the fact that its fruit could become so many different types of food made it useful to the Chinese. Chinese plums have been discovered in several tombs in Kiangsu, Hupei, Kuangtung, and Kuangsi. Poems of the Masters. The Chinese have also long associated this blossom with the nobility, and it still appears in the crests of some Chinese cities. The Chinese see its blossoms as both a symbol of winter as well as a harbinger of spring. “Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by Hakka in Guangdong, China.”. Because of how they are perceived as well as their beauty, there are many pieces of art depicting the plants blooming flowers. The flowering plum fruit was a highly significant item of the Ming diet. DISCLAIMER: Information shown may not reflect recent changes. [31][32] Experiments on rats suggest that P. mume extract administered during endurance exercise training may enhance the oxidative capacity of exercising skeletal muscle, and may induce the muscle to prefer fatty acids for its fuel use rather than amino acids or carbohydrates, thus assisting endurance.[33]. For the Taiwanese film, see, "Plum blossom" redirects here. The plum blossom grows widely in China, from Heilungkiang in the north to Kuangtung and Kuangsi in the south and Tibet in the west. [39], An example of the plum blossom's literary significance is found in the life and work of poet Lin Bu (林逋) of the Song dynasty (960–1279). A listing on Allmenus.com … The eating of the pickled fruit for breakfast is also supposed to stave off misfortune.[72]. their subtle scent pervades the moonlit dusk. Sun, Wen. The best fruit for this are from the forest around the Hương Pagoda in Hà Tây Province. Prunus mume is a common fruit in Asia and used in traditional Chinese medicine. "Ume" redirects here. As far as beverages go, plums can be used to create liqueur as well. [34][35] Therefore, the plum blossom came to symbolize perseverance and hope, as well as beauty, purity, and the transitoriness of life. A big reason why this is so is that during Chinese New Year, which is the most celebrated festival of Chinese, plum blossoms are pretty much the only plants you can see all over the place. Umeshu (梅酒; "plum wine") is a Japanese alcoholic drink made by steeping green plums in shōchū (clear liquor). The bungo trees are also grown for fruit and are hybrids between Prunus mume and apricot. In Korea, there is a 'Massil-jangajji' similar to 'Umeboshi'. A similar liquor in Korea, called maesil-ju (매실주, 梅實酒; "plum wine"), is marketed under various brand names, including Mae hwa soo, Matchsoon and Seoljungmae. 梅开五福,快乐,幸运,长寿,顺利,和平。 Plum Blossom with Five Blessings. If there is a flowering plant that instantly triggers an association with oriental culture, it is the plum blossom (梅花). [65], In Korea, the plum blossom is a symbol for spring.

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