To determine the stability of an isotope you can use the ratio neutron/proton (N/Z). Caesium was discovered in 1860 by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff whilst analysing the contents of mineral water using spectroscopy. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. Copper is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form or unmixed with other lanthanides, and it is usually refined for general use. Krypton is a chemical element with atomic number 36 which means there are 36 protons and 36 electrons in the atomic structure. All of the alkali metals have a single valence electron in the outer electron shell, which is easily removed to create an ion with a positive charge – a cation, which combines with anions to form salts. Nobelium is the tenth transuranic element and is the penultimate member of the actinide series. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. Lead is widely used as a gamma shield. Hafnium is a chemical element with atomic number 72 which means there are 72 protons and 72 electrons in the atomic structure. Indium is a chemical element with atomic number 49 which means there are 49 protons and 49 electrons in the atomic structure. Tin is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there are 50 protons and 50 electrons in the atomic structure. © 2019 / see also The chemical symbol for Thulium is Tm. See also: Atomic Mass Number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction? Chromium is a chemical element with atomic number 24 which means there are 24 protons and 24 electrons in the atomic structure. Iodine is a chemical element with atomic number 53 which means there are 53 protons and 53 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Terbium is Tb. Discoverer: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence. The chemical symbol for Nickel is Ni. is a rare earth element with a metallic silver luster. Aluminium is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group. The chemical symbol for Argon is Ar. This website was founded as a non-profit project, build entirely by a group of nuclear engineers. Nuclear stability is a concept that helps to identify the stability of an isotope. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca. Magnesium is a chemical element with atomic number 12 which means there are 12 protons and 12 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Silver is Ag. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars. The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn. Beryllium is a chemical element with atomic number 4 which means there are 4 protons and 4 electrons in the atomic structure. Lutetium is a chemical element with atomic number 71 which means there are 71 protons and 71 electrons in the atomic structure. Its atomic number is 55 and has a single electron in its outermost s-orbital. Tellurium is a brittle, mildly toxic, rare, silver-white metalloid. For example, the neutron number of uranium-238 is 238-92=146. Even though this element has a large number of isotopes, it has only one naturally occurring stable isotope, 133 Cs. Im Periodensystem steht es in der 1. Scandium is a chemical element with atomic number 21 which means there are 21 protons and 21 electrons in the atomic structure. Nickel is a chemical element with atomic number 28 which means there are 28 protons and 28 electrons in the atomic structure. It is occasionally found in native form as elemental crystals. The chemical symbol for Molybdenum is Mo. It is the heaviest element that can be formed by neutron bombardment of lighter elements, and hence the last element that can be prepared in macroscopic quantities. The chemical symbol for Mendelevium is Md. Titanium condenser tubes are usually the best technical choice, however titanium is very expensive material. Mass was no longer considered unchangeable in the closed system. Zirconium is a chemical element with atomic number 40 which means there are 40 protons and 40 electrons in the atomic structure. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The chemical symbol for Astatine is At. Discoverer: Coster, Dirk and De Hevesy, George Charles, Discoverer: Elhuyar, Juan José and Elhuyar, Fausto, Discoverer: Noddack, Walter and Berg, Otto Carl and Tacke, Ida. It is an Alkali Metal and is located in Group 1 of the periodic table. In nuclear industry, especially natural and artificial samarium 149 has an important impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. Caesium carbonate, a compound with the formula Cs2CO3, is used in organic synthesis as well as in energy conversion. In the periodic element Caesium is symbolized with Cs. Krypton is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. The boiling point of cesium is 944 degrees Kelvin or 671.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade. Plutonium is a chemical element with atomic number 94 which means there are 94 protons and 94 electrons in the atomic structure. Also to help understand this concept there is a chart of the nuclides, known as a Segre chart. The first alloy used on a large scale was bronze, made of tin and copper, from as early as 3000 BC. The chemical symbol for Palladium is Pd. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl. The chemical symbol for Fermium is Fm. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer (passivation) stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation. Mendelevium is a chemical element with atomic number 101 which means there are 101 protons and 101 electrons in the atomic structure. Caesium is a soft, silvery-gold alkali metal with a melting point of 28.5 °C, which makes it one of only five elemental metals that are liquid at or near room temperature. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. . Astatine is the rarest naturally occurring element on the Earth’s crust. The atomic mass is carried by the atomic nucleus, which occupies only about 10-12 of the total volume of the atom or less, but it contains all the positive charge and at least 99.95% of the total mass of the atom. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column (group 2, or alkaline earth metals) of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure.

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