Utilitarianism, however, is not uniform- the two most primary forms of this theory are Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism. act utilitarianisms’ hedonic calculus (the system used for calculating the amount of pain or pleasure created) is overly cumbersome and make rule utilitarianism’s generalised rules far superior and easy to apply. A closing section provides a brief introduction to indirect utilitarianism (i.e., a Hare- or Railton-style view distinguishing between a decision procedure and a criterion of rightness). The utilitarianism of an act is a moral principle that evaluates the action in a particular situation for the immediate consequences to which it leads.It argues that when determining the correctness of an action, a person has to take into account and evaluate the consequences of actions. Rule utilitarianism is an improvement with its practicality in application. The basic idea . ACT and RULE Utilitarianism . theory, historical examples, how it differs from rule utilitarianism and motive utilitarianism, supporting arguments, and standard objections. Act utilitarianism focuses on the impacts of individualistic actions whereas rule utilitarianism focuses on the effects of the nature of the action itself. Although Utilitarianism as a whole is a complicated and flawed ideology, Rule Utilitarianism (the more sympathetic concept of the two) tends to be more plausible than Act Utilitarianism. M. Hare’s differentiation between the intuitive and critical level of moral thinking. There is a difference between rule and act utilitarianism. Therefore the difference between Act and rule Utilitarianism is central to the concept of utility and whether or not you believe that a moral code should still be applied. Suggested Reading John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism ch 2 and ch 4. However Rule Utilitarianism is not without its own flaws that critics of JS Mill indicate. The main difference between Act and Rule Utilitarianism – Utility and Moral Code. The rule utilitarianism does not figure out that a specific action can create the greatest good. There are two types of utilitarianism; act and rule. The act utilitarian considers only the results or consequences of the single act while the rule utilitarian considers the consequences that result of following a rule of conduct . It seems apparent that neither a simplistic act utilitarianism nor rule utilitarianism can provide a fully comprehensive moral view. This paper is a brief philosophical exploration into act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism, both of which are two different approaches within the ethical theory of utilitarianism. I will also explore a third option which attempts to find a solution to the problems both approaches face: . Act utilitarianism refers to the above definition; it is an action that will have an outcome that benefits the most people or promotes more intrinsic goodness than any other action without regard to laws or rules, it is a person’s own choice. However, an act utilitarianism which accepts certain basic moral generalisations (founded via the methods of act utilitarianism) seems to achieve more success and avoids many of the common pitfalls.

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